As you know, I am a physician. It's part of my profession to keep abreast of what's happening in medical /health research. Being retired helps, because doctors simply do not generally have the "extra time" to devote to the scientific literature.
But I do. And I love it. I am one of those individuals who really enjoys ...brace yourself...chemistry. When I'm done, you should be excited too, especially if you are interested in sports nutrition and antioxidants, though not necessarily in that order.
Sports nutrition is a vast industry with emphasis on optimizing per*formance. Off hand, I can think of quite a few categories involving sports nutrition:
sports nutrition and supplements for athletes,
sports nutrition and athletic per*formance,
sports nutrition and body building,
sports nutrition and endurance training,
sports nutrition and special diets in a variety of sports,
sports nutrition and strength training,
sports nutrition for running, jogging, walking, skiing, swimming
There's even Rocky Mountain sports nutrition
...the sports nutrition list is endless.
So far, no surprises, huh? Well, here's one for you. Did you know when you exercise intensively you INCREASE the freeradical burden in your body? If you're a serious sports enthusiast, you should know that.
But...the real news is what science is finding out about that freeradical burden of yours. You should pay close attention.
Suddenly, chemistry gets real personal.
Everyone of us has, what may be called, our antioxidant protective capacity. That means our bodies normally utilize antioxidants to protect us against the harmful impact of freeradicals.
First of all, what are antioxidants? They are molecular substances which offset freeradical damage to the body. Antioxidants, "quench" freeradicals (for lack of a better metaphor) neutralizing their damaging effects on the cells of the body.
Antioxidants are found in foods such as cranberries, green tea and even chocolate.
Antioxidants are found in vitamins such vitamin C and E.
Antioxidants are found in carotenoids such as beta-carotene.
Antioxidants are found in many substances supplied by the body such as glutathione.
Antioxidants are found in many herbs and enzymes.
The impact of antioxidants is boosted by glyconutrients to offset fre*e radicals in your body...and, as a result of your athletic exertions.
Antioxidant capacity must be provided in your sports nutrition regimen or you could be "robbing Peter to pay Paul" with your workouts. As you will see, without a glyconutrional presence in your sports nutrition, the healthful gains made by your physical workouts will be offset by your own freeradical burden.
Fre*e radicals, sports and sports nutrition
Fre*e radicals are those chemical species which contain one or more unpaired electrons, capable of independent existence. They for*m in the body due to a variety of reasons as offshoots of cell*ular activity or as products introduced to the body from the outside.
As an analogy, think of running a car engine as the cell*ular production and the car emissions a the freeradical production. The engine produces products which cannot stay inside the car without further damage. They simply must be neutralized and expelled.
Freeradicals cause damage by reacting with many substances in your body. It is estimated that upwards of 200,000 freeradical attacks occur in our bodies daily.
When freeradical damage is done, the body can remove the compounds formed by its cell*ular repair system. However, if the body cannot handle the freeradicals (with antioxidants for example), nor remove the compounds, disease can be the result.
Contrary to popular opinion, freeradicals do not circulate throughout the body. The half-life of most fre*e radicals varies in a range of a few nanoseconds to about 7 seconds duration. That means they will react within the "neighborhood" (a few Angstroms or microns near where the increase in freeradicals occurred) ...organs, connective tissue, circulatory or nerve tissue, bone or lymphatic material are all candidates for freeradical attack.
Wherever they for*m, they will damage the surrounding areas, unless prevented by the body...So the body does NOT have the luxury of just filtering away any circulatory fluids to find the fre*e radicals. The body's defense systems must be...well...fairly omnipresent to neutralize the effects of fre*e radicals. The antioxidant protective system must be healthy.
Since they are highly reactive substances, they react with all sorts of cell elements readily. But, when they do react with your body cells, they can damage the cells and even kill them. Often, the damage from freeradicals can CHANGE the cell*ular structure enough to cause DISEASE such as cancer, diabetes, arthritis, heart disease and a host of others.
The type of disease that occurs is dependent upon which of the freeradical defenses in the body weren't functioning properly and where the free radical attacks occur.
The body has pretty sophisticated antioxidant defense systems. But, the body CAN get overwhelmed in its antioxidant protections against such freeradicals...
Indeed, unless antioxidant enhanced sports nutrition (with glyconutrients) are used to offset the increased freeradical burden, the BODY will suffer as a result of intensive sports training, stress, and competition.
Glyconutrients VITAL to sports nutrition ...
Studies comparing marathon runners who did and did not take glyconutritional sports nutrition supplements were undertaken. The results were reported by the Proceedings of the Fisher Institute For Medical Research ( August 2003, vol.3, no.1). The results "demonstrated strikingly different patterns.
"Antioxidant protection appeared to be powerfully enhanced against fre*e radicals with glyconutritional supplementation. Thus, the body was protected for several days after the marathon run."
However, when glyconutritional sports nutrition was NOT used, the damaging effects of the fre*e radical burden appeared to remain in the body for about five days. Thus, the subject
"consistently excreted higher concentrations of freeradical byproducts..." as compared to that of the glyconutritional subject. It should be emphasized that the subject studied WAS TAKING other antioxidants, though not glyconutrition. Despite that fact, the above cited results were obtained.
That's another way of saying when glyconutritional supplements were not used, the freeradical burden upon the body was not lifted. Antioxidant protection does appear to be (significantly) strengthened with glyconutritional sports nutrition. Such antioxidant protection appears to be of benefit for athletes overall, including training, stress, competition and dietary issues.
The glyconutrional revolution in sports nutrition and therapy is just beginning. More studies are being done. More results are coming in concerning freeradicals and the capacity of the glyconutrients to boost antioxidant affect against fre*e radicals.
Sports nutrition is about to see a new revolution...
Better still. I believe it is quite probable, with glyconutrition, sports PER*FORMANCE is about to see a revolution in all fields.
Dr. Robert Gamble is retired from a very successful medical/surgical career spanning three decades. He is active in researching medical issues such as glyconutrition... and offers his insights for public benefit. For information about Glyconutrition: Go to www.glycoshare.com or write firstname.lastname@example.org Call Toll Free: 1866.735.5871